Treating Combination Skin: Choosing The Right Ingredients
Get The Best Advice For Combination Skin
Combination skin occurs when two or more different skin types occur on your face at the same time and this is most probably the most common skin type that we all have. In most instances combination skin is characterised when some parts of your face are dry or flaky while the central part of your face, nose, chin, and forehead also called the T-zone is oily. Combination skin can also describe conditions where acne lesions and breakouts or areas of sensitivity or rosacea and dry skin are present at the same time.
Causes Of Combination Skin
A number of different factors tend to contribute to combination skin types:
- Greater activity of sebum glands over the nose, chin, and forehead
- Specific sensitising ingredients in skin-care products
- Over cleansing
- Using too harsh scrubs, granular washes or brushes
- Too thick emollients or moisturizers that clog up pores
Choosing Skin Products For Combination Skin:
The first step is to choose products that treat and improve combination skin so choosing the correct products and ingredients for your skin care regime is vital for maintaining skin health.
In most instances we can find products that are specific for combination skin but occasionally we need to use different products for different parts of the face. With severe cases some of us will need to use a moisturiser that retains water in the skin but at the same time absorbs and minimises oil production in the T Zone and then use a specific dry skin emollient for the rest of the face. Or alternatively some of us may need to use an acne treatment specifically where breakouts commonly occur and desensitising ingredients for the red inflamed parts and a third product for around the eyes.
More often than not most of us that suffer from combination skin will find that by choosing the correct skin care products and using the best ingredients will sort their combination skin symptoms out.
Your Combination Skin care Regime
Combination skin needs a gentle cleanser that does not contain soap as this helps to prevent inflammation, excessive dryness and even prevent irritation allowing the skin to calm down and to start healing itself.
To cleanse properly means to exfoliate your skin correctly as this helps to remove a build-up of the outer dead layer and dead skin cells.
With twice daily use of a beta hydroxy acid (BHA/salicylic acid) or an alpha hydroxy acid (AHAs, such as glycolic acid) cleanser you will notice a number of benefits:
- Skin texture will improve
- An improvement in pores, oily areas and even dry areas of the skin
- A healthy glow
- A better preparation of the skin for the rest of the skin care regime
BHA cleansers are indicated for normal skin and/or oily or blemish-prone skin as it not only cleanses combination skin correctly but is also helps to reduce pore size, unblock pores, and remove bacteria responsible for acne lesions and breakouts.
SkinMiles offers a number of choices including Dermaceutic Mask 15, SkinCeuticals Clarifying Clay Mask, and Exuviance Purifying Clay Masque. Salicylic acid can be found in SkinCeuticals Blemish and Age Defence, SkinCeuticals Blemish and Age Cleansing Gel and SkinCeuticals Blemish and Age Solution.
Always avoid cleansers with irritating ingredients, fragrances and in the form of bar soaps,
For ingredients and product choices see Sensitive Skin.
Choosing the right toner for combination skin can be difficult so here is my guideline:
Avoid toners with:
- Natural oils
- Irritating ingredients: alcohol menthol or witch hazel
Look For These Ingredients:
- Skin repairing ingredients such as ceramides and fatty acids
- Cell stimulating ingredients such as Alphahydroxy acids and Betahydroxy acids
For ingredients and product choices see Oily Skin.
I know I sound like a stuck record but one of the most important steps in any skin care regime including one for combination skin is an effective sunscreen.
Not only is a sunscreen effective as an anti-ageing tool and to minimise pigmentation but it is also vital to allow the skin to function normally and to reduce or even eliminate some of the causes of combination skin concerns.
My recommendation is sun screens that contain zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide as these ingredients reflect UV light preventing them from causing further damage and deterioration of combination skin conditions. My recommendations include the Heliocare Range and SkinCeuticals Sheer Physical UV Defense and Physical Eye UV Defense, Dermaceutic’s Sun Ceutic and Dermaquest’s Sheer Zinc Nude, Sunkissed, & Tan tinted sunscreens .
‘Double Treating’ Your Combination Skin:
- Apply moisturizers to dry areas
- If you have oily and dry skin: apply a hydrating primer/serum to the dry areas first such as SkinCeuticals Hydrating B5 & Phyto Corrective Gel
- If your eye area is the driest part: use a rich eye moisturizer or serum: Exuviance AGE Reverse Eye Contour, Obagi Elastiderm Eye Serum & Dermaquest’s Stem Cell 3D Eye Lift
- For high oily areas of your face: a toner may be enough especially one with the correct ingredients.
- Choose only the best skin products:
- Look for antioxidants
- Cell-communicating ingredients such as retinol
- Emollients, and ingredients that mimic the structure and function of healthy skin.
- If you have very dry skin in some areas and dry skin in others: best to combine an antioxidant-rich serum paired with a thicker based moisturiser such as Dermaquest’s C Infusion Serum and Nourishing Peptide Rich
I hope you found the above article beneficial in combating combination skin. Pease feel free to send me any questions you may have regarding your skin or feel free to take the Face2Face Skin Assessment (a free online skin consultation and skin assessment) for a personal skin care regime recommended by me.