Safe Skin Care With Pregnancy - SkinMiles South Africa

Safe Skin Care With Pregnancy

What Can You Use and What You Should Avoid

Read Dr Alek Nikolic’s guide on safe and unsafe ingredients and skin care products during pregnancy and breast feeding

“I was recently asked by a friend what ingredients are OK during pregnancy and which ingredients are not OK in skin care products and strangely enough I also received an email earlier this week asking about the safety of 2 specific NeoStrata products during pregnancy.” Dr Alek Nikolic
I thought these are great questions and very important ones as most of us are aware what we should not take orally when one is pregnant but due to the increased number of active ingredients in doctor only prescribed products what is safe and what is not safe can be a daunting and unsure territory for most moms to be.

Upfront I have to state that most creams, lotions, ant-ageing crams and serums are safe through pregnancy and will not harm your baby but there are a few ingredients that we do need to avoid. See my guide below on what is safe and what is considered not safe and should be avoided even if you are breastfeeding.

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What To Avoid

Retinoids: To Be Avoided

I have written a lot about retinoids and in fact use it on my own skin and recommend it to all of my patients that see me in my cosmetic practice. Retinol or vitamin A is an amazing ingredient to rejuvenate the skin and you can find all the in depth articles and quick reference guides on retinol here.

This is one ingredient we need to avoid in our skin care regime during pregnancy and breast feeding.

“Studies have shown that high doses of vitamin A during pregnancy can be harmful to an unborn child. Oral retinoids used as an acne treatment are known to cause birth defects. If you are pregnant and have been using a retinol based cream do not worry as retinol in its topical form has not been proven to cause any problems but because of the link to the oral form it is highly recommended not to use it in your skin care products (as doctors we just like to be cautious).” Dr Alek Nikolic

Common Retinol Names:

Differin, Retin-A, Retinoic acid, Retinol, Retinyl linoleate, Retinyl palmitate

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid is derived from aspirin which s contra-indicated during pregnancy. Salicylic acid is used to treat certain skin disorders such as acne and it can be found in a number of skin products including cleansers, moisturisers, and toners. It is sometimes referred to as BHA or betahydroxy acid and is a popular chemical peel ingredient.

Common Salicylic Acid Names:

Salicylic acid, Beta hydroxy acid, BHA

Important Fact:

Not all acids are unsafe during pregnancy so Alpha hydroxy acids, sometimes listed as AHAs, glycolic acid, or lactic acid, are all safe.

Soy

Our natural tendency is to think that natural ingredients will be safe so it may come as a surprise that soy in skin care products should be avoided. Soy per se will not harm the baby but evidence has emerged that soy can aggravate the pigmentation known as Melasma (or mask of pregnancy). Oil of bergamot has also been linked to this form of pigmentation and can also be found in several natural skin care products.

Common Soy Names:

Lethicin, Phosphatidylcholine, Soy, Textured vegetable protein (TVP)

Important Soy Note:

If you have dark skin or melasma then avoid these products

Acne Products

During the first trimester of pregnancy hormonal changes (especially oestrogen) can cause some women to experience acne breakouts. If this happens then my advice would be to see an aesthetic medical practitioner with a special interest in acne or your dermatologist who can recommend treatments that are safe during pregnancy.
Low dose salicylic acid in a face wash (less than 2%) is considered safe but there are numerous acne treatments (including over the counter) that should be avoided.

Common Acne Treatment Names:

Beta hydroxy acid, BHA, Differin (adapalene), Retin-A, Renova (tretinoin), Retinoic acid, Retinol, Retinyl linoleate, Retinyl palmitate, Salicylic acid, Tazorac (Tazarotene), Tretinoin

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Considered Safe

Hair Removers

The only down side of the products is that they may sensitise the skin during pregnancy so do a test patch first before applying it to larger areas. Overall hair removal products are considered safe during pregnancy.

Sunscreens

Most sunscreen ingredients are safe during pregnancy including zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide. However the following ingredients should be avoided:

Chemical sunscreens: Avobenzone, homosalate, octisalate, octocrylene, oxybenzone, oxtinoxate, menthyl anthranilate and oxtocrylene

As added precaution remember to use a hat and sunglasses when getting exposed to the sun.

Makeup

These are safe and will not affect the health of your baby however some cosmetics that contain retinol or salicylic acid (found in some makeup for acne-prone skin) need to be avoided. See the list of retinol names above.

 

I hope you have found the above article beneficial and insightful and that it will help you avoid the ‘dangerous’ ingredients during this happy time. Please feel free to send me comments or any questions you may have with your skin care regime. Samantha Nikolic

Kind regards

Samantha Nikolic

Recommended reading:

Retinol

Vitamin C

Know your skin type

Skin Regimes

References:

  1. Safety of skin careproducts during pregnancy. Bozzo P, Chua-Gocheco A, Einarson A. Can Fam Physician. 2011 Jun;57(6):665-7.
  2. Safety of hair products during pregnancy: personal use and occupational exposure. Chua-Gocheco A, Bozzo P, Einarson A. Can Fam Physician. 2008 Oct;54(10):1386-8. Review.
  3. Safety assessment of personal care products/cosmetics and their ingredients. Nohynek GJ, Antignac E, Re T, Toutain H. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2010 Mar 1;243(2):239-59. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2009.12.001. Epub 2009 Dec 21. Review.
  4. Safety assessment of personal care products/cosmetics and their ingredients. Nohynek GJ, Antignac E, Re T, Toutain H. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2010 Mar 1;243(2):239-59. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2009.12.001. Epub 2009 Dec 21. Review.
  5. Baby Center: http://www.babycenter.com/0_safe-skin-care-during-pregnancy_1490031.bc?showAll=true

 

 

 

Samantha Nikolic

Samantha Nikolic has received training from numerous skin care brands such as NeoStrata, Obagi, Colorescience, Dermaquest, Dermaceutic to name a few and is certified to perform NeoStrata Glycolic Acid Peels and give advice regarding their topical anti-ageing and non medical topical acne skin treatments Furthermore, she has been certified by Radiant Healthcare (Syneron South Africa) to use all of the IPL/Bi-Polar Radiofrequency applications that include Photofacial® Skin Rejuvenation, Refirm® Skin Tightening, and Hair Removal.

Our approach to your skin is to give you the best advice on skincare ingredients and skin treatments providing you with a personal skincare regime that is specific for your skin type and skin concern.

“We all have a passion so our focus for you is to only provide you with what we are the very best at – looking after your skin. To achieve this goal, we have focused on very specific skincare brands and skin treatments to enable you to get the best from each. We do not believe one size fits all as each of us have unique needs and skin concerns” – Sam Nikolic

  • Sarah ,

    Excellent info to know, will pass it on

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